(CCM) Dubrovnik Action Plan

Dubrovnik Action Plan IV. Victim Assistance

  1. Twelve (12) States parties have reported that they have, or have been reported to have, obligations under Article 5.

Action 4.1 – Strengthen national capacity

  1. States parties with cluster munition victims in areas under their jurisdiction or control will:

(a) Strengthen their national capacity to provide assistance to cluster munition victims, without discrimination against those who have suffered injuries or impairments from other causes, and accordingly, mobilizing adequate national and international resources through existing and innovative sources of financing, bearing in mind the immediate and long-term needs of cluster munition victims. Concrete actions to that effect are:

  • Designating a focal point within the government to coordinate victim assistance, if States parties have not yet done so as required by Article 5, paragraph 2, by the end of 2016.
  • Ensuring that designated focal point has authority, expertise and adequate resources to develop, implement, and monitor actions to promote inclusion of victims in all relevant national policies, plans and programs.
  • Collecting all necessary data, on an ongoing basis, disaggregated by sex and age, assessing the needs and priorities of cluster munition victims, establishing mechanisms to refer victims to existing services, and identifying any methodological gaps in the collection of data. Such data and needs assessment should be made available to all relevant stakeholders and be integrated into or contribute to national injury surveillance and other relevant data collection systems for use in programme planning.

(b) Review the availability, accessibility and quality of existing services in the areas of medical care, rehabilitation and psychological support, education, economic and social inclusion, and identify the barriers that prevent access.

(c) Ensure that existing national policies, plans and legal frameworks related to people with similar needs, such as disability and poverty reduction frameworks, address the needs and human rights of cluster munition victims, or adapt such plans accordingly. States parties that have not yet developed a national disability action plan should do so as soon as possible, or develop a national action plan on victim assistance, by no later than the end of 2018. This includes, inter alia:

  • Coordination of actions relevant for victim assistance within existing coordination systems created under relevant Conventions including CRPD. In the absence of such mechanisms, the establishment of a comprehensive coordination mechanism, actively involving cluster munition victims and their representative organizations, as well as relevant health, rehabilitation, psychological, psycho-social services, education, employment, gender and disability rights experts.
  • Development and implementation of existing international standards, guidelines, best practices, and recommendations in the areas of medical care, rehabilitation and psychological support as well as social and economic inclusion, recognizing in particular the vulnerability of women and children with disabilities.
  • Identification and consideration of the needs and rights of victims other than survivors.

(d) Monitor and evaluate the implementation of victim assistance as integrated into national laws, policies, and plans, related to people with similar needs, or as a part of a national action plan, and ensure that such frameworks do not discriminate against or among cluster munition victims and those who have suffered injuries or impairments by other causes, and that cluster munition victims have access to specialized services.

  • Raising awareness among cluster munition victims about their rights and available services, as well as within government authorities, service providers and the general public to foster respect for the human rights and dignity of victims, and other persons with disabilities.
  • Increasing the availability and accessibility of services also in remote and rural areas so as to remove the identified barriers and to guarantee the implementation of quality services.

(e) Increase the economic inclusion of victims of cluster munitions through self- or waged employment, as well as social protection measures. This could include, for example:

  • Education, training and employment incentive programs of persons with disabilities in both public and private sectors, as well as through the micro-crediting possibilities;
  • developing national capacity building programs which promote the economic inclusion of victims;
  • increasing opportunities for victims, particularly in remote and rural areas, to access appropriate employment and training initiatives, and to engage in productive work that delivers a fair income and security;
  • creating employer incentives that support the employment of victims and other persons with disabilities, while enhancing social protection measures to ensure stability during the process of gaining employment;
  • promoting the inclusion of quotas for employment of cluster munitions victims, as well as those who have suffered injuries or impairments from other causes.

Action 4.2 – Increase the involvement of victims

  1. States parties with cluster munition victims in areas under their jurisdiction or control will:

(a) Include cluster munitions victims and their representative organizations actively in policy-making and decision-making in the work under Article 5 of the Convention in a manner that is gender and age sensitive, sustainable, meaningful and non-discriminatory.

(b) Include relevant experts to be part of their delegations in all convention related activities (including cluster munitions victims, and representatives of disabled person’s organizations).

(c) Promote and enhance the capacity of organisations representing women, men and survivors and persons with disabilities as well as national organizations and institutions delivering relevant services, including financial and technical resources, leadership and management training and exchange programmes, with a view to strengthen ownership, the effective delivery of services, and sustainability.

Action 4.3 – Share information

  1. States parties will:

Make best use of Article 7 reports, drawing on reports submitted under the CRPD as appropriate, and formal and informal fora to provide updates on these actions.

Action 4.4 – Provide support, assist and cooperate

  1. States parties, in support of the implementation of Article 5, will seek to:

(a) Promote further cooperation and assistance for projects relevant to cluster munition victims through existing mechanisms, as well as increasing south-south, regional and triangular cooperation, and in accordance to Article 6 of the Convention.

(b) Facilitate the sharing of information among victim assistance focal points and other key actors, with a view to exchanging experiences and good practices.

(c) Develop, by the 2nd Review Conference, guidance on the implementation of Article 5 by a State party in response to any new cluster munition victims that may occur in future in areas under their jurisdiction or control, with a view to preventing additional victims.

Results – Victim Assistance

  1. By the Second Review Conference, these efforts will result in
  • an improvement in the quality and quantity of assistance provided to persons with disabilities;
  • strengthened respect for human rights to all persons;
  • increased exchange of information of good and cost effective practices;
  • increased involvement of victims in consultations and policy-making and decisions-making processes on issues that concern them;