Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM)

Convention on cluster munitions

Article 2
Definitions

For the purposes of this Convention:

1. Cluster munition victims means all persons who have been killed or suffered physical or psychological injury, economic loss, social marginalisation or substantial impairment of the realisation of their rights caused by the use of cluster munitions. They include those persons directly impacted by cluster munitions as well as their affected families and communities;

Article 5
Victim assistance

1. Each State Party with respect to cluster munition victims in areas under its jurisdiction or control shall, in accordance with applicable international humanitarian and human rights law, adequately provide age- and gender-sensitive assistance, including medical care, rehabilitation and psychological support, as well as provide for their social and economic inclusion. Each State Party shall make every effort to collect reliable relevant data with respect to cluster munition victims.

2. In fulfilling its obligations under paragraph 1 of this Article each State Party shall:

a)      Assess the needs of cluster munition victims;

b)      Develop, implement and enforce any necessary national laws and policies;

c)      Develop a national plan and budget, including timeframes to carry out these activities, with a view to incorporating them within the existing national disability, development and human rights frameworks and mechanisms, while respecting the specific role and contribution of relevant actors;

d)      Take steps to mobilise national and international resources;

e)       Not discriminate against or among cluster munition victims, or between cluster munition victims and those who have suffered injuries or disabilities from other causes; differences in treatment should be based only on medical, rehabilitative, psychological or socio-economic needs;

f)       Closely consult with and actively involve cluster munition victims and their representative organisations;

g)      Designate a focal point within the government for coordination of matters relating to the implementation of this Article; and

h)      Strive to incorporate relevant guidelines and good practices including in the areas of medical care, rehabilitation and psychological support, as well as social and economic inclusion.

Article 7
Transparency measures

1. Each State Party shall report to the Secretary-General of the United Nations as soon as practicable, and in any event not later than 180 days after the entry into force of this Convention for that State Party, on: …

k. The status and progress of implementation of its obligations under Article 5 of this Convention to adequately provide age- and gender- sensitive assistance, including medical care, rehabilitation and psychological support, as well as provide for social and economic inclusion of cluster munition victims and to collect reliable relevant data with respect to cluster munition victims;

2. The information provided in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article shall be updated by the States Parties annually, covering the previous calendar year, and reported to the Secretary-General of the United Nations not later than 30 April of each year.

One Response “Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM)” →
  1. Assistance to cluster munition victims: a major step toward humanitarian disarmament. Markus A. Reiterer

    Disarmament Forum, Implementing the Convention on Cluster Munitions 2010 no. 1 pp. 25-36

    http://www.unidir.org/pdf/articles/pdf-art2927.pdf