Cluster Munition Casualties (as of 1 July 2013)

According to the Cluster Munition Monitor 2013, casualties from cluster munitions have occurred in at least 31 states and three other areas where cluster munitions have been used.  Of these states, 12 are States Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions and four have signed, but not yet ratified the convention.

States and other areas with cluster munition casualties

(as of 1 July 2013)

States Parties and signatories

(entry into force date)

Other states and other areas

Afghanistan (1 March 2012) Cambodia
Albania (1 August 2010) Eritrea
Bosnia and Herzegovina (1 March 2011) Ethiopia
Chad (1 September 2013) Georgia
Croatia (1 August 2010) Israel
Guinea-Bissau (1 May 2011) Kuwait
Iraq (1 November 2013) Libya
Lao PDR (1 August 2010) Russia
Lebanon (1 May 2011) Serbia
Montenegro (1 August 2010) South Sudan
Mozambique (1 September 2011) Sudan
Sierra Leone (1 August 2010) Syria
Angola Tajikistan
Colombia Vietnam
Congo, Dem. Rep. Yemen
Uganda Kosovo
Nagorno-Karabakh
Western Sahara

Convention on Cluster Munitions States Parties are indicated in green bold; signatories in orange; and other areas in italics.

Cluster munition victims are defined as all persons who have been killed or suffered physical or psychological injury, economic loss, social marginalization, or substantial impairment of the realization of their rights caused by the use of cluster munitions.This definition includes survivors (people who were injured by cluster munitions or their explosive remnants and lived), other persons directly impacted by cluster munitions, as well as their affected families and communities. Although little is known about the number of families and communities affected by cluster munitions, available information indicates that their needs are likely to be extensive. In 2012, as in past years, information available to the Monitor shows that no state has provided an estimate of the total number of its cluster munition victims, including families and other directly affected members of communities living in their jurisdiction.

There are no comprehensive, reliable statistics on cluster munition casualties—the people who were killed or injured by cluster munitions—and for decades there was inadequate reporting and massive under-reporting of both civilian and military casualties.

At least 17,959 cluster munition casualties have been reported globally through the end of 2012. But a better indicator of the number of cluster munition casualties is the estimated total of up to, or more than, 54,000. Some projections range as high as 58,000 to 85,000 casualties or more, but some country totals are based on extrapolations and data may be inflated.

Most reported cluster munition casualties have been recorded in States Parties, particularly Afghanistan (774), Iraq (3,011), Lao PDR (7,598), and Lebanon (712).

cc cmm 2013

Cluster munition casualties by Convention on Cluster Munitions status

The vast majority (15,598) of reported casualties were caused by cluster munition remnants—typically explosive submunitions, which failed to detonate during strikes

The other 2,361 casualties were recorded from cluster munition strikes.

In the cases where the status was recorded, civilians accounted for the majority (94%) of casualties, while humanitarian deminers (clearance personnel) accounted for 3%, and security forces (military, police, and other security personnel) accounted for less than 3%. In cases where the age was known, approximately 40% of recorded civilian casualties were children. Where the sex of the casualties was recorded, approximately 18% of civilian casualties were female.

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