Victim Assistance—Landmine Monitor 2013

Posted on November 28, 2013

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Landmine Monitor 2013 was  released today by the ICBL. More detailed reporting information is also available in Monitor online country profiles. Landmine Monitor 2013 reported findings on casualties and victim assistance:

A dramatic drop in landmine casualties; Progress in victim assistance, but access to services and sustainability of programs remain key challenges

Records were set in 2012 for the lowest number of new reported casualties, largest amount of landmine-contaminated land cleared, and highest level of global funding for mine action. The continued decline in new casualties indicates just how successful the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty has been in fulfilling its vital promise of ending the casualties and suffering caused by these weapons. The average rate of  people killed and injured in 2012 was 10 per day, less than half of what was reported when the Monitor started recording casualties in 1999 of approximately 25 casualties each day.

In 2012, casualties caused by mines, victim-activated improvised explosive devices, cluster munition remnants, and other explosive remnants of war (ERW) decreased to a global total of 3,628 compared with 4,474 in 2011,  a drop of about 20%, marking the lowest level since 1999. Casualties were identified in 62 states and other areas in 2012, of which 42 are States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty. The true casualty figure is likely significantly higher because in many states and areas, numerous casualties go unrecorded. Nevertheless, the decrease in casualties is likely even more significant because of improvements in recording over time.

The vast majority of recorded landmine/ERW casualties were civilians. The proportion of civilian casualties as compared with military casualties increased to 78% in 2012 (5%  higher than in 2011). Child casualties increased as a proportion of civilian casualties and female casualties increased as a proportion of all casualties.

Steady declines in annual casualty totals continued in the three States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty that have regularly recorded the highest number of annual casualties over the past 14 years: Afghanistan, Cambodia, and Colombia.

Victim Assistance

Since 2009, significant progress has been made in victim assistance as measured against the commitments States Parties made that year through the Mine Ban Treaty’s 5-year Cartagena Action Plan.

Progress was recorded in:

  • Improving the understanding of mine/ERW victims’ needs;
  • Coordinating and planning measures to better address those needs;
  • Linking victim assistance coordination with multisectoral coordination mechanisms, such as those for disability and development;
  • Informing mine/ERW victims about existing programs and services and, in some cases, facilitating their access to available services; and
  • Strengthening legal frameworks to promote the rights of victims, including by advancing the right to physical accessibility for persons with disabilities.

Challenges remain in:

  • Increasing the availability and sustainability of relevant programs and services, especially to survivors in remote areas;
  • Ensuring that all mine/ERW victims have access to programs that meet their specific needs, particularly in employment and livelihoods as well as psychological support; and
  • Ensuring that all victims, along with other people with similar needs, have equal access to age and gender appropriate services.

Read the full summary report on casualties and victim assistance

Banner Image © Ngo Xuan Hien/Project RENEW , August 2012. Do Thien Dang, a landmine survivor in Vietnam, reinforcing his mushroom growing house. Dang and other survivor families grow mushrooms to earn a sustainable income, with support from Project RENEW.