Accurate and up-to-date data on casualties, needs of victims and other persons with disabilities, capacities and available services are essential in order to use limited resources most effectively to formulate and implement policies, plans and programmes. It is essential that data collection mechanisms comply with internationally accepted norms to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms and ethical principles in the collection and the use of statistics, including ensuring confidentiality and respect for privacy.
- data collection is often not prioritized;
- geographic and demographic coverage is limited, or excludes some groups;
- lack of standard methodology, terminology and types of information collected;
- data is not shared for planning purposes; and
- casualty data is not linked to referral mechanisms, resulting in data collection for compilation purposes rather than assistance.
Following are resources on data collection to record casualties and/or assist victims and survivors:
Landmine Casualty Data: Best Practices Guidebook, designed as a reference tool to assist people trying either to create a mine/ERW victim information system or enhance an existing system: The Mine Action Information Center, James Madison University
Managing Landmine Casualty Data: Designing and Developing the Data Structures and Models Necessary to Track and Manage Landmine Casualty Data: The Mine Action Information Center, James Madison University
Measuring Landmine Incidents and Injuries and the Capacity to Provide Care: A Guide to Assist Governments and Non-governmental Organizations in Collecting Data about Landmine Victims, Hospitals, and Orthopaedic Centers: Physicians for Human Rights
Tools for Measuring the Magnitude of the Landmine Problem for Victim Assistance, 1999, Physicians for Human Rights
Data Collection and Needs Assessment (for mine risk education, but relevant to victim assistance): UNICEF in partnership with the Geneva International Centre for International Demining (GICHD), Best Practice Guidebooks
Guidance for Surveillance of Injuries due to Landmines and Unexploded Ordnance: World Health Organization
Injury Surveillance Guidelines: World Health Organization. The manual is also aimed at researchers and practitioners and its purpose is to provide practical advice on how to develop information systems for the collection of systematic data on injuries. It is the result of collaboration between experts from the WHO and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) who work, or have worked, in settings where resources, including trained staff and electronic equipment, are limited.
Guidelines for conducting community surveys on injuries and violence: World Health Organization.
The Guidelines for conducting community surveys on injuries and violence is a companion document to the Injury surveillance guidelines.
Fatal injury surveillance in mortuaries and hospitals: a manual for practitioners: World Health Organization.
- an overview of the status of mortality data collection globally and how data from such systems can contribute to injury and violence prevention programmes (Chapter 1)
- a detailed description of the steps needed for planning, implementing and evaluating a fatal injury surveillance system (Chapter 2)
- a list of recommended data elements and coding guide (Chapter 3)
- examples and cases studies on how to link surveillance data to public health action (Chapter 4)
- a set of tables that can be used for presenting the data from a fatal injury surveillance system (Appendix I)
- an expanded coding guide listing additional mechanism of injury categories and detailed coding options for data elements included in Chapter 3 (Appendix II)
This annexe provides information regarding the methodology used in the Global Burden of Armed Violence 2011 report. Its main purpose is to describe the production and contents of the database on violent deaths.